Ghost Mannequin Image

  • Ghost Mannequin (or invisible mannequin photography) is a post-production technique used by several clothing brands and retailers. The ghost mannequin technique produces garments that have a 3D and hollow man effect, making the garment seem like it is worn by an actual human being without showing any parts of the body.


Guide to Ghost Mannequin Technique

  • There are two approaches on how to produce ghost mannequin images. These approaches depend on the mannequin that you will use.

Full Mannequin

  • If you are using a mannequin with a full torso (neck to waist), this is the method you will use to produce the ghost mannequin images.

Step 1 | Capture the frontal image of the garment.
  • Dress your mannequin. Make sure that the garment is worn properly: no unwanted folds or creases, the outlines are straight, and the garment is fully facing the camera and symmetrical from left to right. Refer to your camera while adjusting the garment.

Step 2 | Capture the backside of the garment.
  • Since the backsides of the garments are hidden (e.g. backside of the collar), you have to capture additional images of the garment’s backside. This may include backside areas like the collar, sleeves, hemlines, waistbands, and so on.

Other Examples

Step 3 | Remove the background and the visible mannequin parts.
  • Using your preferred image editing software, remove the background and the visible mannequin parts. By the end of this step, you only want the frontal image of the garment you captured in a transparent background.

  • In this step, you can also make the garment bigger but always check the quality of the image (i.e. check if details become pixelated, blurry, and so on).

Step 4 | Take the backside images and put them together with the frontal garment image.
  • Add the backside images to the frontal garment image from Step 3 and stitch them together. In terms of layering, the backside images need to be behind the frontal garment image. Use scaling and warping tools to fit the backsides into the garment.

Cropped image of the backside collar

Putting the backside collar and frontal garment image together

If the sleeves of the garment have the same detail from front to back, you can select and copy the sleeve area and use scaling/warping tools to recreate the backside. If the sleeves do not have the same detail from front to back (i.e. buttons and slits), you have to capture additional images of the sleeves' backside.

Result of Step 4

Patterned Shirt Example

Editing the sleeves by adding a backside

Cut part of the inside

Rotate it and scale it to recreate the backside. Pay attention to the pattern and try to keep it as natural as possible

Step 5 | Polish the garment.
  • Inspect the result from Step 4 and fix visible errors such as crooked outlines, unwanted creases, dust, loose threads, and so on. While fixing these errors, make sure that the garment still looks natural and realistic.

Step 6 | Match the colors of the backsides and the frontal garment image.
  • It is possible that the color, brightness, and contrast of the backsides and the frontal garment image will not match. More importantly, you want your image to match the actual color of your garment. In post-processing, you can adjust these aspects using your chosen image editing software.

Step 7 | Export
  • You can export the garment according to the file type you need. For GARMENT_2D products used for Fashion Image Generation and Virtual Tryon, we prefer .jpg images along with a reference image. For more information, check out our input data specifications here.

.png image

.jpg image


Examples

  • Here are other examples of ghost mannequin images captured and processed with a full mannequin:

Raw Images

Result

For capturing garments with patterns, you have to be careful and ensure that the patterns (e.g. on the collar) match when you put them together. Inspect the frontal image of the garment you capture before taking images of the backside to have an idea.

Mannequin without a V-Chest Insert

  • There are mannequins available with a v-chest insert that can be detached for creating ghost mannequin images. Using this mannequin makes post-processing easier because you do not have to capture an image of the collar’s backside anymore.

Step 1 | Capture the frontal image of the garment
  • Dress your mannequin. Make sure that the garment is worn properly: no unwanted folds or creases, the outlines are straight, and the garment is fully facing the camera and symmetrical from left to right. Refer to your camera while adjusting the garment.

  • You can also insert paddings inside so the shoulders would look straighter. You can use shoulder pads, cardboard, or even paper.

Step 2 | IF NECESSARY Capture backsides of the sleeves and hemlines
  • If the backside of the sleeves has different details than the front (e.g. buttons, slits, etc.), it is best to capture them too to attach on the garment in post-processing. If the sleeves are the same from front to back, you can create it by referring to Step 4 in the Full Mannequin approach.

Step 3 | Remove the background and the visible mannequin parts
  • Using your preferred image editing software, remove the background and the visible mannequin parts. By the end of this step, you only want the frontal image of the garment you captured in a transparent background.

  • In this step, you can also make the garment bigger but always check the quality of the image (i.e. check if details become pixelated, blurry, and so on).

Step 4 | Polish the garment
  • Inspect the result from Step 2 and fix visible errors such as crooked outlines, unwanted creases, dust, loose threads, and so on. While fixing these errors, make sure that the garment still looks natural and realistic.

  • This step also involves putting the backsides you captured or creating them as described in Step 4 in the Full Mannequin approach.

Step 5 | Match the colors of the backsides (if you added some) and the frontal garment image
  • It is possible that the color, brightness, and contrast of the backsides and the frontal garment image will not match. More importantly, you want your image to match the actual color of your garment. In post-processing, you can adjust these aspects using your chosen image editing software.

Step 6 | Export
  • You can export the garment according to the file type you need. For GARMENT_2D products used for Fashion Image Generation and Virtual Tryon, we prefer .jpg images along with a reference image. For more information, check out our input data specifications here.


Examples

  • Here are other examples of ghost mannequin images captured and processed using a mannequin without a v-chest insert:

Raw Images

Result